near和nearby的用法与区别

英语 2020-06-27 18:21:34

nearby通常做空间上的接近,如nearby room。near指时间、空间、年龄上的接近;nearby用作形容词,意思为“附近的”。用作定语时,可以放在所修饰的名词之前或之后;而near既可作表语,又可作定语,用作定语时一般不后置。

near和nearby的用法与区别

near的用法

1、near用作形容词时,一般指在时间和空间相近或程度上相似,可引申表达感情上“亲密的,亲近的”等。

2、near作“近似,相似”解时在句中作表语,但nearest除外。

3、near指人或事物在时间或空间上挨近或靠近,多用于进行体。可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词,用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。

4、near多用于诗歌中,而少用于日常口语。

near的常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)

as near as

as near as make no differences

near的用法例句:

1、She is not herself. She came near to a breakdown.

她身体不舒服,简直要崩溃了。

2、Southbound traffic tailed back for twenty miles on the M5 near Bristol.

在布里斯托尔附近的5号高速公路上,南行的车辆排成了绵延20英里的长龙。

3、He awoke to find Charlie standing near the bed.

他醒了过来,发现查利正站在床边。

4、As we drew near, I saw that the boot lid was up.

我们靠近时,我看见汽车行李箱的盖子翘了起来。

5、The General does not like non-combatant personnel near a scene of action.

将军不喜欢非战斗部队人员靠近战场。

6、He was near to death after a car smash.

他差点在一场撞车事故中丧命。

7、The repairs to the Hafner machine were near to completion.

对哈夫纳机器的修理即将结束。

8、Joanne had a small dark birthmark near her hairline.

乔安妮的发际线旁有个小小的深色胎记。

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